- MSU Accessibility Policy applies to every web page used to conduct core university business and academic activities. Visit webaccess.msu.edu for additional accessibility tools and resources.
- Standard: Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 Level AA.
- For Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0, visit w3.org/TR/WCAG20/.
- Make use of free accessibility checkers such as WAVE (WebAIM).
- Test color contrast ratios using tools like WebAIM Color Contrast Checker.
- Ensure that your website, and particularly its main navigation, can be navigated using only the keyboard.
- Use Browser Developer Tools that provide built-in tools and plugins that can test code, accessibility, color contrast, and more.
- Use a checklist to review your web pages:
- W3C WCAG 2.0 Success Criteria: https://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/appendixB.html
- W3C Customizable Quick Reference: https://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/
- WebAIM WCAG 2.0 Checklist: http://webaim.org/standards/wcag/checklist
- The A11Y Project Web Accessibility Checklist: http://a11yproject.com/checklist.html
8.2 Code Validation
- Check for HTML and CSS errors that break functionality and layout.
- Use free validation tools:
- W3C Markup Validation Service (validator.w3.org)
- CSS Validation Service (jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator)
- For automated validation, consider Total Validator (totalvalidator.com).
8.3 Broken Link Maintenance
- Check regularly for broken links that confuse and frustrate visitors.
- Use free automated link-checking tools to identify broken links:
Xenu Link Sleuth for Windows
Integrity for OSX
- Manually check links quarterly to locate broken links automated tools can’t identify.
- Favicons are 16x16 icons displayed by browsers to the left of the URL bar and for bookmarks to websites.
- Favicons for all MSU websites should feature the MSU helmet. (See Resources and Downloads)
8.5 Descriptive Page Headings
- Include at least one <h1> HTML tag that describes the main subject of the web page.
- Include <h2> through <h6> HTML tags for longer, complex documents.
- Avoid gaps in the heading hirarchy (e.g. skipping from <h1> to <h3>).
- Include key words and phrases in headings to describe content.
- Use clear language that is easy to comprehend.
- Use the fewest words possible.
8.6 Descriptive Link Titles
- Include common key words or phrases in links that describe the content on linked pages.
- Use link text like “learn how to apply to MSU,” “sign up to receive MSU news updates,” and “visit the Office of the President website.”
- Do not use link text like “more information,” “click here,” and “learn more.”
8.7 Opening New Windows and Tabs from a Link
- Do not configure your links to automatically open in a new window or tab. Doing so can confuse and frustrate visitors to MSU websites.
- Using a new browser window resets the back button in that window. The back button is the second most used navigation function (after following hyperlinks).
8.8 Phone Numbers
- Format phone numbers this way: (517) 355-1855.